Some common advice for writing fiction is to use very few adjectives and adverbs. This is additional advice I don’t like, and I didn’t understand it at first. How could I describe settings and scenes and facial expressions? Plus, I was moving from writing press releases, speeches and business reports, to writing fiction, so I was excited to use adjectives.
As I pondered this disappointment and continued writing, I began to understand the directive, although I phrase it differently. Instead, I use adjectives and adverbs judiciously. A friend put it better: “You use them sparingly, and they are very visual”.
Examples abound online, so I’ll just include a short example of an unnecessary adverb.
#1. “I don’t care,” he said angrily.
#2. “I don’t care,” he said, pounding his fist on the table.
Which one is more visual?
I also use the words “very” and “really”, and I have to go back and delete them. “Very hot.” “Really big.” How about scalding and gigantic. More descriptive.
I’ve heard the overuse of modifiers called lazy writing. I get that now. There are so many more ways to add description – through dialogue, action, and backstory, to name a few.
As I learned to limit my adjectives and adverbs to make them more effective, I discovered other writing devices. Metaphors and similes and onomatopoeia and analogy. These are fun! So, now, I probably use these too much.
Avoid clichés. “Soar like an eagle.”
A metaphor is a comparison to add description. A simile is another descriptive comparison but it uses “like” or “as”.
Analogies compare things more directly. — “My house is as important to me as play-doh is to my 5-year-old daughter.”
Personification gives human traits to an inanimate object. — “That pie is calling my name.”
And my favorite: onomatopoeia. These are words that sound like actions. — “The horse clip-clopped down the path.” “Waves sloshed on the shoreline.” I like the way onomatopoeia is spelled, the way it looks when written out, and the way it sounds. It’s a cool word.
Waves sloshed on the shoreline as the horse clip-clopped through the pebbles. The rider felt free, out of the desert at last, like she could spread her wings and do anything. The award meant as much to her as spaghetti and meatballs meant to her Italian mother-in-law. The sun celebrated with her, warming her face, and causing the water to sparkle like diamonds.
A good day.
What literary device is your favorite? And what word do you use way, way, way too often?
Note: My apologies to the English and grammar police if I have misrepresented any terms in this post. I’ve described things as I understand them.